Mexico Flag & Country Facts
Capital: Mexico City
Government: Federal Presidential Republic
National Holiday: Independence Day – September 16
National Symbol: Golden eagle
The flag of Mexico has three equal vertical bands of green, white, and red; with the Mexican coat of arms centered in the white band.
Coat of Arms: An eagle perched on a cactus and carrying a snake in its beak; symbolizes Aztec legend behind founding of Tenochtitlan, now Mexico City
Green: Signifies hope
White: Signifies peace and honesty
Red: Signifies hardiness, bravery, strength and valor
Fact: similar to the flag of Italy, uses lighter shades of red and green, and does not display anything in its white band
Did you know… Mexico was the site of several advanced Amerindian civilizations—including the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec—until the civilizations were conquered and colonized by Spain in the early 16th century.
Source: CIA Factbook